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GOAT FARMING 

Goats play an important role in agriculture all over the world especially in subsistent agriculture of developing countries where over 90% of the world goat population is raised. Recently a quick growth has seen in the commercial goat farming sector, This sector has a great opportunity for youth entrepreneurs and farmers.

 

GOAT HOUSING 

Goat housing is one of the most important part of goat farming business. before purchasing goats from the market, there should be an arrangement for his proper living.

usually goats housing/shelter is for protection from inclement weather such as rains, excessive heat during summer and cold during winter in addition to protection from predator attacks.

Separate goat housing arrangements for different categories of animal-like growers, adult females, breeding males, etc. are required in order to ensure proper care and management as per requirement.

the first investment of goat farming spent on shed or shelter for goats. the size of shed or house totally depends on how much goats are you rear in your farm.

invest wisely on the goat housing system because it is the one-time initial investment, I have seen many beginners goat farmers or entrepreneurs invest too much money on Goat housing design. The goat doesn’t require expensive shed arrangements. in our goat farming training program we suggest to beginners try to make heavy good quality cheap cost Goat shed.

I learn’t a lot about goat farming and the all things i am sharing in this post is my experience that will help you to make your goat house. i am the owner of Quality higoat Nig ltd goat farm and i also provide two days training to new entrepreneurs, NGO’s, farmers, to get success in the goat farming carrrier.

WHY GOAT HOUSING 

  • To keep goat healthy.
  • The clean and hygiene environment in farm gives better health to the goats.
  • The weight of the goat and their kids increase rapidly with good and hygiene shed management.
  • It decreases medical expenditure 
  • profit also increases

 

HOW TO MAKE A GOAT HOUSING 

  • Goat house should be constructed in a well-drained elevated plain area with easy access to transport, electricity, and water.
  • Orientation – for our tropical Nigerian conditions, the long axis of the shed should be in East-west direction.
  • Floor: under Nigerian condition, the soil floor is generally recommended for goats. however, the floor made bamboo, wooden slats, or plastics are being used in elevated goat house constructed in high rainfall, high humid as well as areas prone for floods.   

o Roof: roof of the goat house may be made of thatch, tiles, cemented sheets, thermally insulated GI sheets depending upon availability as well as durability required.

o Walls: side walls along with the length of the shed should be 4 feet with remaining height kept open for fixing iron mesh for free air circulation. The walls across the width of the house on both sides need to be closed up to roof height.

o Shelter surroundings: maintain the green vegetation and greenery all around the shed adjacent to the goat shelter.

o A separate provision of water and feeders of fixed or movable type should be  provided in each paddock

o keep the animals as much as possible under the thermal comfort zone so that productivity will be optimum.

o Run area should be Double the width of covered area.

o Start with minimal housing requirements and as the farm grows in size, add the sheds according to requirements.

o Design the facility so that there is a less distance involved while carrying and removing manure or other sources of contamination such as soiled bedding from the sick area.

Solar radiation for kids during winter

Exposure of kids to solar radiation is an important part of livestock management, especially in winter. It helps in maintaining the body temperature and conserve body heat. Provision should be made to provide direct solar radiation for four hours ( 10 am to 2 pm) to kids during winter that is quite helpful for proper growth.

Floor Management

  • Remove the topsoil once in three months
  • Use of lime powder once in ten days to reduce the moisture content
  • Provide bedding to the kids up to 3 months of age to prevent soil licking

Cleanliness

  • Shed cleaning should be 3 times in a day.
  • Shed washing should be 2 times in a week.
  • Spraying shed with dewormer and lime powder every month.
  • Coloring boundaries with whitewash,
  • Burning shed for every 3 months to kill bacteria.

Feeders in Goat Housing

feeders are used to feed the goats daily two to three times a day. always enough feeders should available in the shed, goats should not overlap each other during feeding time, otherwise, some goats will be left hungry. and some will be overeating. both things are not good for farms.

Drinkers in goat Housing

Drinkers are used for drinking water for goats in the house or in the open paddock area. the drinkers should be clean and hygiene. it should be washed every day for better results. clean eating and drinking by goats give better health. goats don’t like the wet area so for better results drinkers may be outside the house of goats.